Navision – How to find out Square Root / Cube Root?

We all know how to raise a number to the power n. Use the powerful nummeric function ‘Power’.NewNumber := POWER(Number, Power);
So Power(4,2) will result in 16.But how to find out the roots (square, cuber or nth root)?

Simple use the same Power function – And just change the ‘Power’ parameter of the function.

So to find out the square root of say 16, use

Power(16,1/2); This will result in 4

to find out the Cube root of say 8, use

Power(16,1/3); This will result in 2.

to find out the nth root of any number just use –

NewNumber := Power(Number,1/n);

How to indent multiple lines of code in Navision

What to do if you need to indent several lines of Code (Just because youmade the changes in code lately) in any Navision Object? Will you do it manually one line at a time?
Don’t despair. There is a simple way to do it –
To indent several lines of code, select those several lines and press TAB. The code indents with two spaces to the right, every time that TAB is pressed.
To indent several lines of code to the left, select those lines, and press SHIFT+TAB. This indents the code with one space to the left, every time that SHIFT+TAB is pressed.
Block indentation enables developers to indent several lines of code in only three keystrokes (one for highlighting the code and two for pressing SHIFT and TAB.)

How to Send SMTP mail from Navision Application

2 Steps to use it –
1. Setup the SMTP mail in Navision.
2. Use the functions avaliable in Codeunit 400 (SMTP Mail)
1. Setup the SMTP mail in Navision:
Go to Administration> IT administration > General Setup > SMTP Setup. The following screen will open –
You need a SMTP server address (IP or link). I have used my office SMTP server. If your SMTP server permits anonymous mailing, you can choose authentication as ‘Anonymous’ where you don’t need to mention any user id and password.
If your SMTP Server does not allow anonymous mailing, you need to choose authentication as ‘Basic’ and need to mention one valid User id and Password.

2. Use the functions available in Codeunit 400 (SMTP Mail) :

Once the setup is done, you can start mailing using the functions available in SMTP mail codeunit.
a) Take a new form and take a command button on it. On clicking of that button the mail will be send (Just for the example)
b) Take a global variable ‘SMAIL’ of data type ‘Codeunit’ and subtype ‘SMTP mail’ codeunit. This will give you the access to the functions available in that codeunit.
c) Now the actual code. Write the following code on ‘On Push’ trigger of the command button
SMAIL.CreateMessage(‘Snehanshu’,’’,’’,’Warning – Inventory’, ‘Item 50005 has a inventory below minimum inventory level’,FALSE);
[Syntax for the Createmessage function – Createmessage([sender’s name] ,[sender’s id],[recipient’s id or ids],[subject] ,[body line] ,[html formatted or not]]
SMAIL.AddAttachment(‘d:Sales Invoice.xlsx’);
MESSAGE(‘mail send’);
That’s it. Now click on the command button, and the mail will be sent to the recipients.
1. There can be multiple recipients. Just put them as comma separated text in the recipient parameter.
2. You can add more body lines using ‘AppendBody’ function.
3. You can also mark a CC or BCC copy of the mail using ‘AddCC’ ‘AddBCC’ functions.
If you are not sure about the SMTP server, just search in google how to use, rediffmil, Gmail or Hotmail or any other mailing system as your smtp server.

Do we know all about Default Dimensions? How to make a dimension Code Mandatory for all the the accounts in Chart of Accounts

Simple. Open Chart of Account, Select all the accounts there, Click on Account > Dimensions > Dimensions-Multiple. Choose the dimensions you want to make mandatory for the accounts and mention ‘Code mandatory’ in ‘Value Posting’ field. That’s it.That’s the most common answer you will have if you ask somebody how to make a dimension mandatory across all the accounts in Chart of Account. This common answer is the most common mistake functional consultants make during implementation. Yes, the common answer is not at all right answer.The above described method of making a dimension mandatory is only valid to make a dimension mandatory for a set of accounts only. Not for entire all the accounts of Chart of accounts.

You may argue – Why not? I am selecting all the accounts from Chart of accounts and making a dimension mandatory for them. And it works.

But think again. Think about a situation where you are creating a new account in Chart of Account.
The dimension you made mandatory for rest of the accounts will not be readily become mandatory for this new account.
So you have to make that dimension mandatory for this new account manually following the same method. If you forget, it can be a disaster waiting for you.

Rather the right method of making a dimension mandatory across all the accounts is much simpler and full proof (foolproof as well). Use the ‘Account type default Dim.’ feature. Its available in the Dimension window itself.

Open the Financial Management > General Ledger > Setup > Dimension.
Select The Dimension you want to mandatory across all accounts
Click Dimension > Account Type Default Dim.
Mention the table no. behind the Chart of Account (That’s Table no. 15)
And mention that it’s ‘Code mandatory’ in the ‘Value Posting’ field.
And this will ensure that the particular dimension is mandatory for entire set of records of te table no. 15 (nothing but the Chart of Account). And in future, any new accounts created in charts of accounts will be automatically included in that mandatory list.
This is the way you can make a dimension mandatory for an entire type of account. For example, the customer account, Vendor Account, Item Master etc.
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Dimension, Shortcut Dimension, Global Dimension – Confused?

People often gets confused about the terms used to describe dimensions. – Dimension, Shortcut Dimension, Global Dimension – are they same or what? Why we need so many different dimensions?

To understand the concept you need to go back to history of Navision and also need to understand the basic concept of Dimension. Let me try to elaborate it.

Dimension: Dimensions are nothing but parameter for your analysis of data. In other words, they are additional information attached to your transactions and you can analyse / summarize your transactions on the basis of those parameters. Say, you want to analyse your fuel expenses on the basis of Car no. So you need to define a dimension called ‘Car’ and put all the car nos in the dimension value list.

Similarly, if you need to analyse telephone expenses on the basis of Telephone nos or travel expenses on the basis of employee nos then, you will define Telephone and Employee Dimensions and list down the dimension values for those dimensions. So at the end you can have a list of dimensions & their values as below:

— Car — 1001 — WB 300356

— 1002 — UP5005333

— 1003 — DEL678932

— Tel — 98444320 — Ashish Banerjee
— 87909098 — Snehanshu Mandal
— Emp — 1001 — Snehanshu Mandal
— 1002 — Vinay Iyer
— 1003 — Shridhar Varasala

You can define the dimension in Navision from ‘Financial Management > General Ledger > Setup > Dimensions > Dimension’. And then define the respective dimension values.

This way you can define any no of dimensions and attach any no of dimension values while entering any transaction in the system.

Now that’s was Dimension. So what is global dimension? Lets go back few years down to Navision history.

There was time when Navision didn’t have the facility to attach unlimited no of dimensions to transactions. Instead it had only 2 fixed dimensions with each transactions – Department & Project. And to attach these 2 dimension with each transactions, Navision had created these 2 fields in all the transaction tables (e.g in 81 – Gen. Journal Line, 36 – Sales Header, 37 – Sales Lines, 38 – Purchase Header, 39 – Purchase Header and so on). See the figure below.

 Now you can’t just keep on adding new fields in each transaction table to achieve unlimited no of dimension attachment feature. So Navision started storing dimension information attached to different transactions in 2 separate tables (Journal Line Dimension – for storing dimensions attached to all journal transactions, Document Dimension – for storing dimensions attached to all document type of transactions). So Navision came up with a different method of storing dimension values attached with transactions.
What happened to the 2 fields present in all transaction tables? To reuse these 2 fields, Navision came up with a concept called ‘Global Dimensions’. So 2 dimensions from your dimension master can be defined as Global Dimension and their values can directly be attached with any transaction (in those 2 fields present globally – They automatically take the caption of global dimension defined and displayed accordingly to users – using ‘CaptionClass’ property). Just because they are present in all the transaction tables, these dimensions make it easier to take out reporting based on these 2 dimension and helps you in easy data entry. Ideally they are the most commonly used dimensions across in Navision Company.
So global dimensions are nothing but ordinary dimensions. Only thing they are globally present in the system and helps in data entry (dimension attachment) and reporting on most commonly used dimensions in a company.
But if you are going to attach more than 2 global dimensions in transactions, then the very attachment of dimension process is slightly lengthy. I mean you need to click on the transaction line > click on button ‘Line’ > Dimensions > Select the dimension code and dimension value.
Can we make it little easier for data entry where more than 2 global dimensions you need to attach to transaction? Off course we can. Use the concept ‘Shortcut Dimensions’
Shortcut Dimensions: There can be 8 dimensions displayed directly on any tabular transaction form (Journal lines or Purchase Lines, Sales Lines etc) just to facilitate the data entry. Remember, these dimension will not be present directly in the table but only displayed in the form. They are shortcuts to 8 different dimensions. So that you don’t need to go for the lengthy dimension attachment process. That’s why the name came ‘Shortcut Dimension’. And the 2 global dimensions automatically gets assigned as first 2 shortcut dimensions. (Check out the General ledger setup).
See the screen above (General Journal) and you will find there are 8 dimensions present (coloured columns). These are 8 shortcut dimensions. First 2 are global dimensions (directly present in the Gen. Journal Line table – the transaction table used here) coloured green are automatically became first 2 shortcut dimensions. Rest 6 columns are just displayed in the form only to facilitate the data entry (not present in the Gen. Journal Line table). If you enter some values in those columns, system will insert the relevant dimension and dimension values in the journal line dimension table for the transaction. If you enter values in first 2 shortcut dimensions, they will be inserted in the global fields present in the current transaction tables as well as the journal line dimension table.
That’s the funda of Dimension, Global Dimension and Shortcut Dimension. Hope i am able to clear the idea a little bit. If you want to discuss it further, do send me your comments or simply fire a mail to me (
See you in next post.

What is No. Series Relationship?

I got surprised when i discovered that so many people working in Navision for quite some time doesn’t understand No. series Relationship feature.
So what is No. Series Relationship?

Say you want to generate different invoice nos based on to where (geography) you are selling your service / material. So your domestic sales can have invoice nos which is different from invoice nos of export sales.

Now to implement the above feature, you need to use at least 2 no. series for invoice numbering? But in Sales & Receivables Setup’s Numbering tab, you have provision of mentioning only one no. series for Sales Invoice nos. how to resolve this?

You can go for some customisation or simply use the No. series relationship.

No. Series Relationship is a feature in Navision which helps you to group multiple no. series together and use it for one document no. Take an example of a sales Invoice. This feature will make 2 (or more) no. series related to each other and both can be used for the sales invoice nos.
Lets do it in Navision.
Create 2 no. series S-INV and S-INV EXP. First one for the domestic Sales & Second one for Export Sales.

Now relate the second no. series (S-INV EXP) with the first one with no. series relationship. To do that, select the seclect the S-INV in no. series window and click on the menu button series -> Relationships. Select the second no. series (P-INV EXP) in this window. Close it.
Your relationship between the 2 no. series is done. Now to use these no. series for sales invoice nos, you need assign it to sales & Receivables Setup.

Open Sales & Receivables Setup and go to the numbering tab. Choose the first no. series (P-INV) in the Invoice Nos.
Now you are ready to use both the no. series to generate the Sales Invoice nos. To test it –
Open the sales Invoice Window (Sales & Marketting -> Order Processing -> Invoices) and press F3 to create a new Sales Invoice. Don’t tab away from the no. field. Now click on the assist edit button (the 3 dot button) next to No. field and you will find system is suggesting both the no. series to you. Select any one series (depending on what type of Sales invoice – Domestic / Export you are creating) and a new no. document no will be generated.
So, you have the option of using 2 no. series (or more) for one single document no. You can extend this functionality further by automating the selection of no. series own the basis of USER ID.
Experiment on it. See you in next post.

Disabling F4 – Stopping inadvertent Delete

Can we disable the F4 function button in Navision?

Few years back, I had a situation in one of my implementation, where users used to delete the sales order inadvertently by pressing F4 (Their intention was to create a new order by pressing F3).

Now how to stop it. I had solved it in a very simple way by creating a new dummy menu item in one of the menu button present in the order window and assigning F4 as the shortcut key to that menu item. It just overridden the default F4 functionality (delete function). Here is how i did it –

Open the sales order form (Form 42) in design mode. Add a new menu item to the menu button ‘Order’ present in that form. Caption it as ‘Dummy’ and assign the shortcut key F4 to it.

Don’t write any code for this menu item. So nothing will happen if somebody clicks on it.
Now if somebody press F4, system calls that menu item ‘Dummy’ instead of default delete call and nothing happens for F4. And your default F4 is disabled.
Do you have a better solution? Do write to me.

AutoCalcField – What’s that?

There are so many properties and functions available in Navision that its impossible to learn them completely in few years. Some of them are complex but most of them are simple and we simply unknowingly use them.

You would have been amazed knowing some of the properties which you use quite regularly but never bothered about knowing them. In this series of posts, we will try to under few of them. Today we will start with ‘AutoCalcField

You all know that if you display a flow field onto a form or a report, the system calculates the flow field value automatically and displays it. Do you know why system behaves like this? Just because of the property ‘AutoCalcField‘.

This simple property is related to any control onto a form or a report which displays a flow field. In other words, you can change this property in those controls whose source expression is a flow field.

Why we don’t really notice them? Because ‘Yes’ is the default value for this property. If you turn it to ‘No’, the control simply will not calculate the flow field value automatically.

To check it out, open the Vendor card (form 26) in design mode and go to the property of the field “Balance (LCY)”. You will find, the AutoCalcField property is set to ‘TRUE’ by default. You can change it to ‘No’ and see whether this field is anymore displaying the Vendor Balances or not.

Good Luck.

See you in Next property 🙂

Sequential Import of Multiple files into Navision Using Dataport

Can you import multiple files sequentially using Navision dataport?

Say you will put all the files to import into Navision in a folder and one navision dataport will import all the files one by one into Navision.

Here is how I have done it –

Created a new form and put a text box where user can mention the folder path from where the files will be imported. Also put a command button which will start the import process clicked.

Took the following variables in C/AL Globals –

WIN Dialog Type -> to display the progress of import
FileRec Record type -> referenced to virtual table ‘File’
CTR Integer type -> to count the number of files imported
TransImport Dataport type -> referenced to a dataport which will be run repeatedly depending on number of files present in the folder
FilePath Code type -> to store the file path of the folder

Also took a text constant for displaying the import progress in the dialog box ‘WIN’

Text50000 Importing File #1#####################Count of File #2#####

Once the definition of variables are done, write the following code in the OnPush trigger of the command button –

ImportButton – OnPush()

WIN.OPEN(Text50000); // opening the dialog box to display the import status FileRec.SETRANGE(Path,FilePath); // Accessing the folder path mentioned by the user and stored in the ‘FilePath’ variable.
FileRec.SETRANGE(“Is a file”, TRUE); // Excluding the sub folders (if any) present in that folder.
IF FileRec.FINDFIRST THEN BEGIN // Ensuring that at least 1 file is present in the folder and pointing the instruction pointer to the first files in the folder.
REPEAT // Starting the loop to read files one by one
CTR += 1; // Capturing the file count
WIN.UPDATE(1,FileRec.Name); // Displaying file name in the dialog box.
WIN.UPDATE(2,CTR); // Displaying file counter in the dialog box.
CLEAR(TransImport); //Clearing the previous instance of the dataport
TransImport.FILENAME := FileRec.Path + ” + FileRec.Name; // Sending the file name with the file path to the dataport.
TransImport.RUNMODAL // Running the dataport.
UNTIL FileRec.NEXT = 0; // Loop condition till all the files in the folder is read.
MESSAGE(‘Import Done’); // Informing user that import is complete
WIN.CLOSE; // Closing the dialog box
Note: Your variable name can be different and you need to adjust your code as per your variable definition.

Now run the form and enter the folder path where your files to be imported are stored and click on the button ‘Import’. This will start the import process and will continue till all the files from the folder is imported into the database.

You can automate the same with the help of timer trigger of the form or using an application server. Will discuss the process of automating it in our future discussion.

All the best. Try it.